Bagaimana Cara Memperkuat Ketahanan Nasional di Era Globalisasi

>Hello Sohib EditorOnline, in this article, we will be discussing the ways to strengthen national resilience in the era of globalization. Globalization has presented numerous challenges to nations around the world, and we must find effective ways to address them. This article will provide an insight into the major approaches to strengthen national resilience and ensure the nation’s security in the global arena.

The Importance of National Resilience

National resilience is the ability of a nation to withstand and recover from internal and external stressors that threaten its stability, integrity, and security. In today’s globalized world, threats to national security and stability are more complex and diverse, including economic, political, social, environmental, and technological factors. Therefore, it is crucial to enhance national resilience to cope with these challenges effectively.

FAQ: What is the difference between national resilience and national security?

National Resilience National Security
Ability to withstand and recover from internal and external stressors Protection of a nation’s territory, people, and assets from external and internal threats
Emphasizes the ability to adapt and learn from past experiences Emphasizes the prevention and deterrence of threats

Approaches to Strengthen National Resilience

There are various approaches to strengthen national resilience in the era of globalization. These include:

1. Strengthening National Identity and Social Cohesion

National identity and social cohesion are essential for building a sense of shared purpose, values, and aspirations among citizens. This approach involves creating a sense of belonging and pride in the nation, promoting diversity, inclusion, and understanding, and addressing social and economic inequalities. It also involves fostering civic engagement, political participation, and community resilience.

2. Enhancing Economic Diversification and Competitiveness

Economic diversification and competitiveness are crucial for reducing the vulnerability of the economy to external shocks and increasing its ability to adapt to changing circumstances. This approach involves developing new industries, promoting innovation, building human capital, improving infrastructure, and enhancing trade and investment opportunities.

3. Strengthening National Security and Defense

Effective national security and defense are essential for protecting the nation’s sovereignty, territorial integrity, and people from external and internal threats. This approach involves developing strong military and security capabilities, enhancing intelligence and surveillance, securing borders, and countering terrorism, cybercrime, and other transnational threats.

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4. Managing Environmental Risks and Challenges

Environmental risks and challenges, such as climate change, pollution, natural disasters, and ecosystem degradation, can threaten the nation’s security, health, and economic well-being. This approach involves mitigating and adapting to the impact of these risks, promoting sustainable practices, and enhancing environmental governance at the local, national, and international levels.

5. Fostering Technological Innovation and Cybersecurity

Technological innovation and cybersecurity are critical for maintaining the nation’s competitiveness, security, and resilience in the digital era. This approach involves investing in research and development, promoting digital literacy, enhancing cybersecurity capabilities, and addressing the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging technologies.

The Role of Leadership, Governance, and Stakeholder Engagement

Leadership, governance, and stakeholder engagement are essential for implementing the approaches to strengthen national resilience effectively. Leaders must have a clear vision, strategic plan, and effective communication skills to inspire and mobilize citizens, institutions, and stakeholders. Governance must be transparent, accountable, and responsive to the needs and aspirations of the people. Stakeholder engagement must be inclusive, participatory, and collaborative to ensure that diverse perspectives and interests are taken into account.

FAQ: Who are the stakeholders in national resilience?

Types of Stakeholders Examples
Government Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches
Private Sector Businesses, Industries, and Trade Associations
Academia and Research Universities, Institutes, and Think Tanks
Civil Society NGOs, Community Groups, and Faith-Based Organizations


Strengthening national resilience is a complex and ongoing process that requires a comprehensive, integrated, and adaptive approach. We must recognize the interdependence and interconnectedness of different dimensions of national resilience and engage in continuous learning and improvement. Leaders, institutions, and stakeholders must work together to build a resilient and secure nation that can thrive in the era of globalization.

Bagaimana Cara Memperkuat Ketahanan Nasional di Era Globalisasi