>Hello Sohib EditorOnline, in this article we will discuss everything you need to know about making a land certificate (sertifikat tanah) in Indonesia. Whether you are a buyer, seller, or just curious about the process, our guide will provide you with all the necessary information. Let’s get started.
What is a Sertifikat Tanah?
In Indonesia, a land certificate (sertifikat tanah) is an official document that proves ownership of a piece of land. It is issued by the National Land Agency (Badan Pertanahan Nasional or BPN) and contains information about the land’s size, location, and boundaries. A sertifikat tanah is required for most land transactions, including buying, selling, and leasing.
Without a sertifikat tanah, you cannot legally own or sell a piece of land in Indonesia. It is important to ensure that the land you are interested in has a valid sertifikat tanah before entering into any transactions.
Types of Sertifikat Tanah
There are several types of sertifikat tanah in Indonesia, each with its own characteristics and requirements. The most common types are:
|Type of Sertifikat Tanah
|Sertifikat Hak Milik (SHM)
|Absolute ownership certificate, valid for perpetuity.
|Sertifikat Hak Guna Bangunan (SHGB)
|Right to build certificate, valid for a maximum of 30 years and renewable for another 20 years.
|Sertifikat Hak Pakai (SHP)
|Right to use certificate, valid for a maximum of 25 years and renewable for another 25 years.
The type of sertifikat tanah required will depend on the intended use of the land. For example, if you want to build a permanent structure on the land, you will need an SHM or SHGB. If you just want to use the land for a limited period of time, an SHP may be sufficient.
How to Make a Sertifikat Tanah
The process of making a sertifikat tanah can be complex and time-consuming, but it is necessary to ensure that the document is legally valid. Here are the general steps to follow:
Step 1: Hire a Land Surveyor
The first step in making a sertifikat tanah is to hire a land surveyor to measure and map the land. The surveyor will use specialized equipment to determine the exact boundaries of the land and create a detailed map.
It is important to hire a reputable and experienced surveyor to ensure that the measurements are accurate and the map is complete. This will help prevent any disputes or legal issues in the future.
Step 2: Obtain Land Documents
The next step is to gather all the necessary documents related to the land, including the land certificate (if any), proof of ownership, and tax documents. These documents will be needed to apply for the sertifikat tanah.
If there are any disputes or legal issues related to the land, they must be resolved before applying for the sertifikat tanah. This may require the services of a lawyer or legal expert.
Step 3: Apply for the Sertifikat Tanah
The next step is to submit an application for the sertifikat tanah to the National Land Agency (BPN). The application must include all the necessary documents, including the land survey map, land documents, and proof of payment.
The application will be reviewed by the BPN, which will conduct its own land survey and verification process. This can take several months to complete.
Step 4: Receive the Sertifikat Tanah
If the application is approved, the BPN will issue the sertifikat tanah. This document will include all the necessary information about the land, including the size, location, and boundaries.
It is important to keep the sertifikat tanah in a safe place and to make copies for any transactions or legal issues related to the land. If the sertifikat tanah is lost or damaged, it can be replaced by applying to the BPN.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1. How long does it take to make a sertifikat tanah?
The process of making a sertifikat tanah can take several months to complete, depending on the complexity of the land and the accuracy of the documents. It is important to be patient and to ensure that all the necessary steps are followed to ensure the validity of the document.
2. Can foreigners own land in Indonesia?
Foreigners cannot own land in Indonesia, but they can lease land for up to 25 years and renew the lease for another 25 years. Some exceptions apply for certain types of businesses and investments.
3. How much does it cost to make a sertifikat tanah?
The cost of making a sertifikat tanah can vary depending on the size and complexity of the land, as well as any legal issues that need to be resolved. It is important to budget for these costs and to ensure that all fees and taxes are paid to avoid any delays or legal issues.
4. What happens if there is a dispute over land ownership?
If there is a dispute over land ownership, it is important to seek the services of a lawyer or legal expert to help resolve the issue. The validity of the sertifikat tanah will be crucial in determining the outcome of any legal proceedings.
5. Can a sertifikat tanah be transferred?
Yes, a sertifikat tanah can be transferred through a legal transaction, such as buying or selling the land. The sertifikat tanah must be transferred to the new owner and registered with the National Land Agency (BPN) to ensure the legality of the transaction.
That’s it for our guide on cara bikin sertifikat tanah in Indonesia. We hope that you found this information useful and informative. If you have any further questions or concerns, don’t hesitate to seek the services of a legal expert or contact the National Land Agency (BPN) for more information. Thank you for reading.