Cara Memainkan Alat Musik Gendang

>Hello Sohib EditorOnline, if you are interested in learning how to play the traditional Indonesian instrument gendang, then you have come to the right place. Gendang is a percussion instrument that is widely used in traditional Indonesian music, and it is played by many musicians and enthusiasts all over the world. In this article, we will guide you through the basics of playing the gendang, from choosing the right instrument to mastering the techniques. So, let’s get started!

Choosing the Right Gendang

The first step in learning how to play the gendang is to choose the right instrument. There are different types of gendang, each with its own unique sound and purpose. The two main types of gendang are:

Type of Gendang Sound Purpose
Gendang Besar Deep, resonant Used as the bass drum in traditional Indonesian music
Gendang Kecil Higher pitch Used as the snare drum in traditional Indonesian music

When choosing a gendang, consider your playing style and the type of music you want to play. If you are a beginner, it is recommended to start with a gendang kecil, as it is easier to handle and learn on. You can find gendangs in music stores or online, and make sure to try them out before purchasing to ensure the sound and quality.

Gendang Playing Technique

Before playing the gendang, it is important to learn the proper technique. Here are the basic steps:

Holding the Gendang

Hold the gendang by the rope handles on both sides, with the drumhead facing away from you. The gendang besar is usually played standing up, while the gendang kecil can be played sitting down or standing up. Make sure to hold the gendang firmly but not too tight.

Striking the Gendang

To strike the gendang, use your dominant hand to hit the drumhead near the rim with the stick called ‘pukul’. Use a wrist flicking motion when hitting the drumhead, and vary the pressure and speed to create different sounds. The other hand can be used to mute the drumhead or add accents.

Controlling the Sound

The sound of the gendang can be controlled by adjusting the pitch through tightening or loosening the rope tension or hitting the drumhead at different angles. Practice different techniques to master the sound and create your own style.

Practice Tips

Learning how to play the gendang takes time and practice, but with dedication and patience, you can master it. Here are some tips to help you:

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Start Slow

Start by practicing slowly and focusing on the proper technique. Gradually increase the speed and difficulty as you improve.

Use a Metronome

Use a metronome to practice your timing and rhythm. This will help you stay on beat and improve your playing skills.

Record Yourself

Record yourself playing and listen back to evaluate your technique and sound. This will help you identify areas for improvement and track your progress.

Join a Community

Join a local gendang community or online forum to connect with other players and learn from their experiences. This can also provide opportunities for performances and collaborations.


Q: How often should I practice?

A: It is recommended to practice at least 30 minutes a day, or more if possible. Consistent practice will help you improve faster and retain the knowledge and skills.

Q: What is the difference between gendang and other percussion instruments?

A: Gendang is a traditional Indonesian instrument that has its own distinct sound and playing style. It is often used in gamelan ensembles and traditional music performances.

Q: Can I play gendang with other instruments?

A: Yes, gendang can be played with other traditional Indonesian instruments, such as rebab, suling, and kendang. It can also be incorporated into modern music genres.

Q: How long does it take to learn how to play gendang?

A: The length of time it takes to learn how to play gendang depends on various factors, such as your skill level, practice frequency, and dedication. However, with regular practice and guidance, you can start playing basic rhythms within a few weeks.


Playing gendang is a rewarding and enriching experience that allows you to connect with the traditional Indonesian culture and music. By following the tips and techniques outlined in this article, you can start your journey to becoming a skilled gendang player. Remember to practice regularly, be patient, and have fun! Pukul terus Sohib EditorOnline!

Cara Memainkan Alat Musik Gendang