>Hello Sohib EditorOnline, do you want to learn how to propagate your own mango trees? In this article, we will guide you through the process of mangosteen propagation, also known as ‘cara mencangkok pohon mangga’ in Bahasa Indonesia. Propagating mango trees through cangkok is one of the most popular and easy methods of grafting. So, let’s dive in and learn about the step-by-step guide to this process.
What is Cangkok?
Cangkok is a grafting technique used to propagate fruit trees. It involves inserting a small branch of one tree into the branch of another tree of the same species. The branch that is used in cangkok is called a scion, while the branch that receives the scion is called the rootstock. The scion will grow into a new tree and bear the fruit of the tree it was taken from.
What are the Benefits of Cangkok?
Cangkok is one of the best ways to propagate fruit trees because it has many benefits, such as:
|Benefits of Cangkok||Description|
|Quick fruiting||By using cangkok, a new tree can bear fruit within two to three years, unlike planting from seed which can take up to seven years or more.|
|Genetic similarity||The new tree produced through cangkok is genetically identical to the parent tree, meaning it will have the same characteristics, such as fruit size, texture, flavor, and yield.|
|Early fruiting season||Mango trees produced through cangkok usually have a shorter dormant period compared to seed-propagated trees, allowing for earlier fruiting.|
How to Cangkok a Mango Tree?
Step 1: Select the Right Scion and Rootstock
To successfully propagate your mango tree, you need to select a suitable scion and rootstock. The scion should be taken from a healthy and mature mango tree that bears your desired fruit. The rootstock should be a young mango tree of the same species and variety as the scion. The rootstock should also be healthy and free from pests and diseases.
Step 2: Prepare the Scion and Rootstock
The next step is to prepare the scion and rootstock. The scion should be about 30cm long, pencil-thick, and have at least three healthy buds. The rootstock should be about the same size as the scion, and the bark should be smooth and free from any cuts or damage.
Step 3: Make a Cleft on the Rootstock
Using a sharp knife, make a vertical cleft about 5cm long in the rootstock’s bark. The cut should reach the inside of the bark, but not go all the way through the stem. Then, make two diagonal cuts on each side of the slit, forming a V-shaped cleft.
Step 4: Insert the Scion into the Rootstock
Insert the scion into the cleft in the rootstock, making sure that the cambium layer of the scion matches the cambium layer of the rootstock. The cambium layer is the thin green layer just beneath the bark. It is where the nutrients and water flow through the plant.
Step 5: Wrap the Graft with a Plastic Bag
Once the scion is inserted into the rootstock, wrap the graft with a plastic bag to keep it from drying out. Make sure the plastic bag is tightly sealed at the base of the graft to prevent water from entering and damaging the graft. The plastic bag should be removed once new shoots have emerged from the scion or at least 2-3 weeks later.
Caring for a Newly Grafted Mango Tree
Step 6: Allow the Graft to Heal
After the grafting process is complete, it is essential to let the graft heal before removing the plastic bag. This will take about three to four weeks, depending on the temperature and humidity. During this period, keep the graft in a shaded place where it is protected from direct sunlight and strong winds. Also, water the graft regularly but do not over-water it.
Step 7: Remove the Plastic Bag
After the graft has healed, remove the plastic bag carefully. Inspect the graft for any signs of disease or infestation. If there are any, treat it with an appropriate pesticide or fungicide immediately.
Step 8: Prune the Scion
Once new shoots have emerged from the scion, it’s time to prune it down to just one or two strong buds. This will encourage the new tree to grow vertically instead of horizontally.
Step 9: Water and Fertilize the New Tree
Water the new tree regularly, especially during the dry season. Fertilize it with a balanced fertilizer, rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, to promote healthy growth.
Cangkok is an easy and effective method of propagating mango trees. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can easily propagate your mango trees and enjoy the benefits they offer. Remember to take care of your newly grafted tree and keep it healthy to ensure it bears delicious and nutritious fruits for years to come.
What is the Best Time to Cangkok Mango Trees?
The best time to cangkok mango trees is during the wet season or early spring when the tree is actively growing. Avoid doing it during the dry season as the plant may not be able to recover quickly.
Do I Need to Use Rooting Hormone?
Rooting hormone is not necessary when cangkok mango trees. However, it can help speed up the process by promoting root growth. It’s up to you to decide whether to use it or not.
How Long Does it Take for a Newly Grafted Mango Tree to Bear Fruit?
A newly grafted mango tree can bear fruit within two to three years, unlike planting from seed, which can take up to seven years or more.
What are the Common Problems Encountered in Cangkok?
One of the most common problems encountered in cangkok is a failed graft, which happens when the graft doesn’t take, and the two branches do not merge. Other problems include pests and diseases, which can affect the growth and health of the newly propagated plant.
Can I Use Cangkok to Propagate Other Fruit Trees?
Yes, cangkok is a grafting technique used to propagate many other fruit trees, such as apple, cherry, grape, and pear trees.