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>Hello Sohib EditorOnline, have you ever wondered how to calculate the average speed of an object? In this article, we will guide you through the process of finding the average speed, including the formulas and step-by-step instructions. Let’s get started!

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## What is Average Speed?

Before we go into the details of finding the average speed, let’s understand the concept of average speed. Average speed is the total distance covered by an object divided by the time taken to cover that distance. It can be calculated for both uniform and non-uniform motion.

In uniform motion, the object moves with a constant speed, while in non-uniform motion, the object moves with varying speeds.

### Uniform Motion

In uniform motion, the average speed formula is:

Symbol Definition
d distance
t time taken

Average speed = total distance covered / time taken

For example, if a car travels 200 km in 4 hours, the average speed can be calculated as:

 Average speed = total distance covered / time taken = 200 km / 4 hours = 50 km/hour

The average speed of the car is 50 km/hour.

### Non-Uniform Motion

In non-uniform motion, the average speed is calculated as the ratio of the total distance covered to the total time taken. It is different from the instantaneous speed, which is the speed of the object at a particular point in time.

For example, if a car travels 100 km with a speed of 50 km/hour for the first 2 hours and then travels 50 km with a speed of 25 km/hour for the next 2 hours, the average speed can be calculated as:

 Average speed = total distance covered / total time taken = (100 km + 50 km) / (2 hours + 2 hours) = 150 km / 4 hours = 37.5 km/hour

The average speed of the car is 37.5 km/hour.

## Steps to Find Average Speed

### Step 1: Determine the Distance Covered

The first step in finding the average speed is to determine the distance covered by the object. This can be done using various methods such as using a measuring tape or a ruler. For example, if a car travels from point A to point B, the distance between the two points can be measured using a measuring tape or a ruler.

### Step 2: Determine the Time Taken

The second step is to determine the time taken by the object to cover the distance. This can be done using a stopwatch or a timer. For example, if a car takes 4 hours to travel from point A to point B, the time taken can be measured using a stopwatch or a timer.

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### Step 3: Calculate the Average Speed

The final step is to calculate the average speed using the formula:

Average speed = total distance covered / time taken

For example, if a car covers a distance of 200 km in 4 hours, the average speed can be calculated as:

 Average speed = total distance covered / time taken = 200 km / 4 hours = 50 km/hour

The average speed of the car is 50 km/hour.

## FAQ

### What is the difference between average speed and instantaneous speed?

Average speed is the total distance covered divided by the time taken to cover that distance, while instantaneous speed is the speed of the object at a particular point in time.

### Can average speed be negative?

No, average speed cannot be negative, as it is a magnitude and does not have a direction. However, the velocity, which is speed with direction, can be negative if the object moves in the opposite direction.

### Can the average speed of an object be greater than its instantaneous speed?

Yes, the average speed of an object can be greater than its instantaneous speed, as the average speed is calculated over a period of time, while the instantaneous speed is the speed of the object at a particular point in time.

### What is the SI unit of average speed?

The SI unit of average speed is meters per second (m/s).

### Can average speed be used for non-uniform motion?

Yes, average speed can be used for non-uniform motion by calculating the ratio of the total distance covered to the total time taken.

## Conclusion

Calculating the average speed of an object can be done using the formula of total distance covered divided by the time taken to cover that distance. It is an important concept in physics and is used in many real-life scenarios such as calculating the speed of a car or a plane. Understanding the concept of average speed can help you in solving many physics problems.