Cara Mengatasi Bab Keras pada Anak 2 Tahun


Cara Mengatasi Bab Keras pada Anak 2 Tahun

Hello, Sohib EditorOnline! This article will provide you with tips and tricks on how to overcome the problem of constipation in 2-year-old children.

What is Constipation?

Constipation is a condition when bowel movements become difficult or less frequent than usual. In children, it is defined as the passage of hard, dry stools that cause pain and discomfort.

Constipation can occur in children of all ages, including 2-year-olds. It is a common problem that affects up to 30% of children at some point in their lives.

There are several factors that can contribute to constipation in children, including dehydration, diet, and medication use.

Symptoms of Constipation in 2-Year-Olds

It can be difficult to determine if a 2-year-old is constipated, as they may not be able to express themselves clearly. However, there are some common signs and symptoms to look out for:

  • Less frequent bowel movements (less than three times per week)
  • Difficulty passing stools
  • Hard, dry stools
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite

Causes of Constipation in 2-Year-Olds

There are several factors that can cause constipation in 2-year-olds, including:

  1. Diet: A diet that is low in fiber and fluids can contribute to constipation.
  2. Dehydration: Not drinking enough water can cause stools to become hard and difficult to pass.
  3. Changes in routine: A change in routine, such as starting daycare or potty training, can cause constipation.
  4. Medications: Certain medications, such as iron supplements or antacids, can cause constipation.
  5. Medical conditions: In some cases, a medical condition such as hypothyroidism or Hirschsprung’s disease may be the cause of constipation.

Preventing Constipation in 2-Year-Olds

Fortunately, there are several things you can do to prevent constipation in your 2-year-old. These include:

  • Offering plenty of fluids throughout the day
  • Including fiber-rich foods in their diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Encouraging regular physical activity
  • Maintaining a regular routine for meals and bathroom breaks

Treating Constipation in 2-Year-Olds

If your 2-year-old is already experiencing constipation, there are several things you can do to help them pass stools more easily:

  • Offering small amounts of prune juice or apple juice
  • Encouraging physical activity, such as running or jumping
  • Using a warm compress on their abdomen
  • Providing a stool softener, such as glycerin suppositories
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When to Seek Medical Attention

In most cases, constipation in 2-year-olds can be treated at home with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter remedies. However, if your child experiences any of the following symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention:

  • Bleeding from the rectum
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Fever
  • Vomiting


Q: How often should a 2-year-old have a bowel movement?

A: A 2-year-old should have at least one bowel movement per day, but it is normal for them to have up to three bowel movements per day or one bowel movement every other day.

Q: What foods should I offer my 2-year-old to prevent constipation?

A: Foods that are high in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, can help prevent constipation in 2-year-olds. You should also encourage your child to drink plenty of water throughout the day.

Q: Can potty training cause constipation?

A: Yes, a change in routine such as starting potty training can cause constipation in some children. To prevent this, make sure your child is drinking plenty of fluids and eating a fiber-rich diet.


Constipation is a common problem in 2-year-olds, but it can be prevented and treated with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter remedies. If your child experiences severe symptoms or does not respond to at-home treatment, it is important to seek medical attention.

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2019). Constipation in Children. [online] Mayo Clinic. Available at: [Accessed 6 Feb. 2021]
Cleveland Clinic. (2020). How to Help Your Child with Constipation. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Feb. 2021]

Cara Mengatasi Bab Keras pada Anak 2 Tahun