Gerakan Tata Cara Sholat Subuh dan Gambarnya

>Hello Sohib EditorOnline, in this journal article, we will discuss the proper way to perform the morning prayer (sholat subuh) in accordance with Islamic teachings. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide for those who are new to Islam or have limited knowledge about the prayer.

What is Sholat Subuh?

Sholat subuh is one of the five daily prayers that Muslims perform as an act of worship to Allah. It is an obligatory prayer that is performed before sunrise, usually between 4:30 AM to 5:30 AM depending on the location and time of year.

The morning prayer is considered the most important prayer of the day as it helps to set the tone for the rest of the day and brings one closer to Allah. It is also believed that those who perform the morning prayer regularly will be blessed with good health, prosperity, and success in this life and the hereafter.

Preparing for Sholat Subuh

Mental Preparation

Before performing the morning prayer, it is important to have the right mindset and intention. The prayer should not be performed out of habit or obligation, but with sincerity and devotion to Allah.

Take a few moments to reflect on your purpose for performing the prayer and seek Allah’s guidance and blessings. Remember that the morning prayer is an opportunity to connect with Allah and seek His forgiveness and mercy.

Physical Preparation

It is recommended to perform wudu (ablution) before the morning prayer. Wudu is a cleansing ritual that involves washing certain parts of the body to purify oneself before prayer.

Wudu consists of the following steps:

Step Description
1 Make the intention to perform wudu
2 Wash both hands up to the wrist three times
3 Rinse your mouth three times and clean your nose three times
4 Wash your face three times
5 Wash both arms up to the elbow three times
6 Wipe your head once with wet hands
7 Wash both feet up to the ankle three times

After performing wudu, ensure that your clothing and body are clean and presentable. Dress modestly and wear clean clothes that cover your aurah (private parts).

Steps to Perform Sholat Subuh

1. Takbiratul Ihram

The prayer starts with takbiratul ihram, which is the declaration of intention to start the prayer. Raise your hands to your ears and say “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest).

2. Recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah

Recite Surah Al-Fatihah, which is the opening chapter of the Quran, out loud. If you do not know the Arabic language, you can recite it in your native tongue.

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3. Recitation of Additional Surah

After reciting Surah Al-Fatihah, recite an additional surah from the Quran. It is recommended to recite Surah Al-Ikhlas, Surah Al-Falaq, and Surah An-Nas.

4. Ruku’

Bend forward from the waist and place your hands on your knees, saying “Subhana Rabbiyal ‘Azeem” (Glory be to my Lord, the Most Great). Straighten up and say “Sami’a Allahu liman hamidah” (Allah hears those who praise Him).

5. Qiyam

Stand up straight and say “Rabbana lakal hamd” (Our Lord, praise be to You).

6. Sujud

Prostrate on the ground with your forehead, nose, hands, knees, and toes touching the floor, saying “Subhana Rabbiyal ‘Ala” (Glory be to my Lord, the Most High). Rise up and sit on your ankles, saying “Allahu Akbar”.

7. Second Raka’ah

Repeat steps 2-6 for the second raka’ah (cycle) of the prayer.

8. Tashahhud

Sit on your left foot and place your right foot upright. Place your hands on your knees and recite the tashahhud, which is a declaration of faith and blessings to the Prophet Muhammad.

9. Salam

Turn your head to the right and say “Assalamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullah” (Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah), and then turn your head to the left and repeat the greeting.


1. What if I miss the time for sholat subuh?

If you miss the time for sholat subuh, you can perform the prayer when you wake up. However, it is recommended to perform the prayer on time to receive its full blessings.

2. Can I perform sholat subuh without wudu?

No, wudu is mandatory before performing any prayer. It is a form of purification that prepares the body and mind for prayer.

3. What if I do not know how to recite the Quran in Arabic?

You can recite the Quran in your native tongue or learn the Arabic pronunciation and language through classes or online resources.

4. Can I perform sholat subuh alone or with others?

You can perform sholat subuh alone or with others. However, it is recommended to perform the prayer in congregation (jama’ah) at a mosque or with family members to receive additional blessings.

5. How long does sholat subuh take?

The duration of sholat subuh varies depending on the recitation and the number of raka’ahs performed. On average, it takes 10-15 minutes to perform the morning prayer.

In conclusion, performing sholat subuh is an important part of a Muslim’s daily routine. It is a way to connect with Allah and seek His blessings and guidance. By following the proper steps and preparing mentally and physically, one can perform the prayer with sincerity and devotion. May Allah accept our prayers and guide us on the right path. Ameen.

Gerakan Tata Cara Sholat Subuh dan Gambarnya