Cara Mencuci Tangan Menurut WHO

>Hello Sohib EditorOnline, we are living in unprecedented times with the COVID-19 pandemic affecting the world. One of the best ways to protect ourselves and others from the virus is by washing our hands regularly. In this article, we will discuss the proper way to wash our hands according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Let’s get started!

What is the Importance of Hand Washing?

Hand washing is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. By washing our hands, we can remove dirt, grime, and germs that accumulate on our skin. These germs can enter our body when we touch our eyes, nose, or mouth. Regular hand washing is also important in preventing the spread of COVID-19.

According to WHO, hand hygiene is a key part of infection prevention and control. It can prevent up to 50% of infections in healthcare settings and up to 35% of diarrhea-related illnesses in the general population.

How Does Hand Washing Prevent the Spread of COVID-19?

Coronavirus is primarily spread through respiratory droplets when an infected person talks, coughs, or sneezes. These droplets can land on surfaces and objects, where they can survive for several hours up to several days. If a person touches a contaminated surface and then touches their face or mouth, they can become infected with the virus. This is why it’s crucial to wash your hands regularly, especially before touching your face.

When Should You Wash Your Hands?

According to WHO, you should wash your hands:

  1. Before, during, and after preparing food
  2. Before eating
  3. Before and after caring for someone who is sick
  4. After using the toilet
  5. After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
  6. After touching an animal, animal feed, or animal waste
  7. After handling garbage
  8. After touching objects that may be contaminated, such as doorknobs, handles, and light switches

How Long Should You Wash Your Hands?

WHO recommends washing your hands for at least 20 seconds to effectively remove germs. You can sing the “Happy Birthday” song twice to ensure you’ve washed your hands for long enough. Make sure to wash all parts of your hands, including your palms, back of your hands, fingers, and under your fingernails.

What is the Proper Technique for Hand Washing?

Follow these steps for proper hand washing:

  1. Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), and apply soap.
  2. Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Be sure to lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
  3. Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the “Happy Birthday” song from beginning to end twice.
  4. Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.
  5. Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.
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Q: Can Hand Sanitizers Replace Hand Washing?

A: Hand sanitizers can be used when soap and water are not available. However, they should not be used as a replacement for hand washing. Hand sanitizers are not effective against all types of germs, and they do not remove visible dirt and grime on your hands. Use hand sanitizers that contain at least 60% alcohol, and rub them all over your hands until they are dry.

Q: Should I Use Hot Water for Washing My Hands?

A: No, you do not need to use hot water for hand washing. Warm or cold water is sufficient to remove germs and dirt from your hands. Using hot water may also cause skin irritation and dryness.

Q: Can I Use Antibacterial Soap for Hand Washing?

A: Antibacterial soaps are not necessary for hand washing. Regular soap is effective in removing germs from your hands. Overuse of antibacterial soaps and hand sanitizers can promote the growth of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Q: How Often Should I Wash My Hands?

A: You should wash your hands regularly throughout the day, especially before eating, after using the toilet, and after being in public places. If you have been in contact with someone who is sick, you should also wash your hands to prevent the spread of germs.

Q: Can I Use a Hand Dryer Instead of a Towel?

A: Yes, you can use a hand dryer to dry your hands. However, make sure to rub your hands together under the dryer for at least 20 seconds to ensure they are dry. You can also use a clean towel or air dry your hands.


Regular hand washing is a simple yet effective way to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, including COVID-19. By following WHO guidelines and using proper hand washing techniques, you can protect yourself and others from germs and illnesses. Remember to wash your hands regularly throughout the day, especially before eating, after using the toilet, and after being in public places.

Cara Mencuci Tangan Menurut WHO