Cara Memainkan Alat Musik Kecapi

>Hello Sohib EditorOnline, are you interested in learning how to play the traditional Indonesian stringed instrument called kecapi? If so, you have come to the right place. This article will guide you through the basics of playing the kecapi, from its history and construction to the proper techniques for creating beautiful music. Let’s get started!

The History and Construction of Kecapi

The kecapi is a traditional Indonesian stringed instrument that has been played for centuries. It is a small, portable instrument that is often used in ensembles with other traditional Indonesian instruments such as the gamelan. The kecapi typically has 10 strings made of silk, but some modern versions may have nylon strings. It is played by plucking the strings with the fingers, producing a soft, melodic sound that is popular in traditional Indonesian music.

The construction of the kecapi is relatively simple. It consists of a hollow wooden body, a long neck, and a set of tuning pegs. The strings are attached to the body at one end and to the tuning pegs at the other. The neck of the kecapi is often decorated with intricate carvings and designs, making it as visually appealing as it is musically pleasing.

Tuning Your Kecapi

Before you can begin playing your kecapi, you will need to tune it properly. The standard tuning for a kecapi is as follows:

String Number Tuning
1 D
2 G
3 B
4 D
5 G
6 B
7 D
8 G
9 B
10 D

To tune your kecapi, start by plucking the first string (the thinnest one) and adjust the tuning peg until the pitch matches the note D. Repeat this process for each string, working from thinnest to thickest.


Q: What should I do if my kecapi is out of tune?

A: If your kecapi is out of tune, you can adjust the tuning pegs to bring each string back into the proper pitch. If you are having trouble with this, you may want to seek the help of a professional musician or instrument maker.

Q: Can I use a guitar tuner to tune my kecapi?

A: While you can use a guitar tuner to tune your kecapi, it is important to remember that the standard tuning for a kecapi is not the same as the standard tuning for a guitar. It is best to tune your kecapi by ear, or with the help of a tuning fork or other tuning device designed specifically for stringed instruments.

Playing Your Kecapi

Now that your kecapi is tuned properly, it’s time to start playing. Here are some basic techniques to get you started:

Holding Your Kecapi

The kecapi is typically played while sitting down. Hold the instrument on your lap with the neck pointing to your left. Rest the body of the kecapi against your chest to help stabilize it while playing.

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Plucking the Strings

To play a note on the kecapi, use your right hand to pluck the string you want to sound. Use your index finger for the first string, your middle finger for the second string, and your ring finger for the third string. Use your thumb to pluck the remaining strings.

Playing Melodies

The kecapi is often used to play simple melodies. To play a melody, pluck each note in the sequence indicated by the sheet music or the musician leading the ensemble. Practice playing slowly and gradually increase your speed as you become more comfortable with the instrument.

Playing Chords

Another common use of the kecapi is to play chords. To play a chord, pluck all of the strings that make up the chord at the same time. Practice playing different chord progressions to improve your skills.


Q: Can I use a pick or plectrum to play my kecapi?

A: While some kecapi players may use a pick or plectrum, the traditional way to play the instrument is by plucking the strings with your fingers. This allows for a softer, more subtle sound that is characteristic of traditional Indonesian music.

Q: How can I improve my kecapi playing skills?

A: The best way to improve your kecapi playing skills is to practice regularly. Start by playing simple melodies and chords, then gradually work your way up to more complex pieces. You may also want to seek out other musicians who play the kecapi and join an ensemble to gain more experience playing with others.


Congratulations Sohib EditorOnline, you have learned the basics of playing the traditional Indonesian stringed instrument known as the kecapi. With its beautiful, melodic sound and intricate construction, the kecapi is a true gem of Indonesian music. With practice and patience, you can become a skilled kecapi player and contribute to the rich history of traditional Indonesian music.

Cara Memainkan Alat Musik Kecapi