>Hello Sohib EditorOnline,Writing numbers can be tricky, especially when there are different rules for different languages. In Indonesian language, there are some specific ways to write numbers that you should know. In this journal article, we will guide you on “cara menulis angka” or how to write numbers in Indonesian language. Let’s get started!

Numbers are used in our daily lives for many purposes. From counting to measuring, we use numbers to represent quantities and values. In written form, it is important to use correct grammar and punctuation to convey the intended meaning. In Indonesian language, there are specific rules for writing numbers. This article will cover those rules and provide examples to help you write correctly.

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## 1. Writing Numbers 0 to 9

The simplest numbers are 0 to 9. In Indonesian language, these numbers are written as:

Number | Word |
---|---|

0 | nol |

1 | satu |

2 | dua |

3 | tiga |

4 | empat |

5 | lima |

6 | enam |

7 | tujuh |

8 | delapan |

9 | sembilan |

These numbers are written just like how they are pronounced, except for the number 1 which has a different form in some contexts. In general, the word for one is “satu”, but when used as a prefix for a compound number, it becomes “se”. For example, “sebelas” means eleven (1 + 10).

When writing numbers in words, it is important to use the correct spelling and spacing. There should be no space between the number and the word, except for certain special cases which we will cover later.

Example:

- 0 = nol
- 3 = tiga
- 8 = delapan
- 11 = sebelas

## 2. Writing Numbers 10 to 99

When writing numbers from 10 to 99, the rule for the number 1 as a prefix still applies. For example:

- 10 = sepuluh (se + sepuluh)
- 21 = dua puluh satu
- 38 = tiga puluh delapan
- 99 = sembilan puluh sembilan

Note that there is no space between the words “puluh” (ten) and the corresponding number, except for the number 10 which is written as a single word “sepuluh”.

### 2.1. Writing Numbers 11 to 19

Numbers from 11 to 19 have their own special forms in Indonesian language. These numbers are formed by adding the suffix “-belas” to the corresponding single-digit number. For example:

- 11 = sebelas (1 + 10)
- 15 = lima belas
- 18 = delapan belas

Again, there is no space between the number and the word “belas”.

### 2.2. Writing Numbers 20 to 99

When writing numbers from 20 to 99, the formula is: tens + ones. The ones place follows the tens place, separated by the word “dan” (and). For example:

- 20 = dua puluh
- 21 = dua puluh satu
- 38 = tiga puluh delapan
- 99 = sembilan puluh sembilan

Note that the word “puluh” (ten) is used only for the number in the tens place, not for the ones place. Also, there is no space between the tens and ones places.

## 3. Writing Numbers 100 to 999

Numbers from 100 to 999 follow a similar pattern to the previous section. The formula is: hundreds + tens + ones. The word “ratus” (hundred) is used between the hundreds place and tens place, and the word “dan” is used between the tens and ones places. For example:

- 100 = seratus
- 234 = dua ratus tiga puluh empat
- 999 = sembilan ratus sembilan puluh sembilan

Again, note that there is no space between the words.

### 3.1. Special Cases

There are some special cases where the spacing and spelling are different. These include:

- Numbers with “ribu” (thousand): The word “ribu” is used to denote thousands. There is no space between the number and “ribu”. For example, “10.000” is written as “sepuluh ribu”.
- Decimals: In Indonesian language, a comma is used instead of a period to denote decimals. For example, “3.14” is written as “3,14”.
- Phone numbers: When writing phone numbers, the number is divided into groups of three digits, separated by a space or a hyphen. For example, “0812-345-678” can be written as “0812 345 678”.

## 4. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

### 4.1. Can I Use English Numbers in Indonesian Text?

While it is possible to use English numbers in Indonesian text, it is recommended to use Indonesian numbers for clarity and consistency. Using English numbers may cause confusion for readers who are not familiar with them.

### 4.2. How to Write Large Numbers?

For numbers greater than 999, the same pattern applies. The formula is: thousands + hundreds + tens + ones. For example:

- 1.000 = seribu
- 10.000 = sepuluh ribu
- 1.000.000 = satu juta

Again, there should be no space between the words, except for certain special cases.

### 4.3. What is the Proper Way to Write Money Amounts?

When writing money amounts, the currency symbol is placed at the end of the number, without a space. For example, “Rp 10.000” means ten thousand rupiahs.

### 4.4. How to Write Ordinal Numbers?

Ordinal numbers indicate position or order, such as first, second, third. In Indonesian language, ordinal numbers are formed by adding the suffix “-ke” to the corresponding cardinal number. For example, “pertama” means first, “kedua” means second, “ketiga” means third, and so on.

### 4.5. Are There Any Exceptions in Writing Numbers?

There may be some exceptions in writing numbers, depending on the context and the style guide used. It is important to follow the guidelines of the intended audience, such as academic or business writing.

## Conclusion

Writing numbers correctly in Indonesian language requires knowledge of the specific rules and patterns. By following the guidelines presented in this article, you can avoid common mistakes and communicate effectively in written form. We hope this article has been helpful for you.

Terima kasih! (Thank you!)