Di Bawah Ini Merupakan Cara Penularan Penyakit AIDS Kecuali

>Hello Sohib EditorOnline! In this journal article, we will discuss the different ways in which HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, can be transmitted from one person to another. It is important to be aware of these methods of transmission to prevent the spread of this disease.

What is AIDS?

AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is a condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that attacks the immune system, making it weaker and more susceptible to infections and illnesses. AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV infection.

How is HIV transmitted?

HIV is spread through the exchange of certain bodily fluids with an infected person. These fluids include blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. HIV cannot be transmitted through casual contact such as hugging, shaking hands, or sharing utensils.

Unprotected Sexual Contact

The most common way HIV is transmitted is through unprotected sexual contact with an infected person. This includes vaginal, anal, and oral sex. The virus can enter the body through small tears or cuts in the lining of the genital or anal area.

It is important to always use a condom during sexual activity to reduce the risk of HIV transmission. It is also recommended to get tested for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections regularly if you are sexually active.

Sharing Needles or Syringes

HIV can also be spread through sharing needles or syringes with an infected person. This includes drug use, as well as medical procedures that involve injections or transfusions of blood or blood products.

It is important to never share needles or syringes with anyone, and to use a new needle or syringe every time you inject drugs or receive a medical injection.

Mother-to-Child Transmission

HIV can be transmitted from an infected mother to her child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. Without treatment, there is a 25% chance that an infected mother will pass the virus to her child during pregnancy or childbirth. This risk can be significantly reduced with antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

What are the ways HIV cannot be transmitted?

There are several ways HIV cannot be transmitted. It is important to be aware of these misconceptions to avoid stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV.

Casual Contact

You cannot get HIV through casual contact such as hugging, shaking hands, or sharing utensils. You also cannot get HIV from being near someone who is infected.

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Mosquito Bites

HIV cannot be transmitted through mosquito bites. Mosquitoes do not inject blood from one person to another when they bite.

Sweat and Saliva

HIV cannot be transmitted through sweat or saliva. The virus is not present in these bodily fluids in sufficient amounts to infect another person.

FAQ

Question Answer
Can I get HIV from kissing? HIV cannot be transmitted through kissing, even if both partners have cuts or sores in their mouths.
Can I get HIV from a toilet seat? HIV cannot be transmitted through a toilet seat or any other surface.
Can I get HIV from sharing a drink or food? HIV cannot be transmitted through sharing drinks, food, or utensils.
Can I get HIV from a blood transfusion? The risk of getting HIV from a blood transfusion is extremely low in countries with safe blood supply. However, it is still important to practice safe sex and avoid sharing needles or syringes.
Can I get HIV from a tattoo or piercing? HIV can be transmitted through getting a tattoo or piercing if the equipment is not properly sterilized or if the artist or piercer is not trained in infection control.

Conclusion

Now that you know the different ways in which HIV can be transmitted, it is important to take steps to protect yourself and prevent the spread of this disease. Always use a condom during sexual activity, never share needles or syringes, and get tested for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections regularly if you are sexually active. Remember that HIV cannot be transmitted through casual contact, mosquito bites, sweat, or saliva.

Di Bawah Ini Merupakan Cara Penularan Penyakit AIDS Kecuali