Cara Menghitung Fidyah: Panduan Lengkap untuk Sohib EditorOnline

>Hello Sohib EditorOnline! In this journal article, we will guide you on how to calculate fidyah in a relaxed Indonesian language. Whether you’re a beginner or already familiar with calculating fidyah, this article will provide you a comprehensive guide on the best ways to calculate your fidyah. So, let’s get started on our fidyah journey!

What is Fidyah?

Fidyah is a term used in Islam to refer to the compensation for missing a fast during Ramadan. Muslims who are unable to fast due to certain reasons can pay fidyah as an alternative. The payment of fidyah is a way to make up for missed fasts and is also considered as a form of charity.

When is Fidyah Required?

Fidyah is required for individuals who are unable to fast due to specific reasons, such as old age, illness, and pregnancy. The following are the most common scenarios where fidyah is required:

Situation Fidyah
Old age or chronic illness For each missed fast, the person must feed one poor person twice a day, or give the equivalent amount in cash to the poor.
Temporary illness or pregnancy For each missed fast, the person must make up the missed fast at a later time, after Ramadan ends.

How to Calculate Fidyah for Old Age or Chronic Illness?

If you are unable to fast due to old age or chronic illness, you need to calculate the amount of fidyah to be paid for each missed fast. The following steps will guide you on how to calculate fidyah for old age or chronic illness:

Step 1: Determine the Value of One Meal

You need to determine the value of one meal in your local currency. The amount should be enough to provide a person with a filling meal. For instance, if the value of one meal is IDR 10,000, then you will multiply it by two (because you are feeding two meals a day) and then multiply it by the number of missed fasts.

Step 2: Calculate the Fidyah Amount

Once you determine the value of one meal, you can calculate the amount of fidyah by multiplying the value of one meal by two (since you have to provide two meals per day) and then multiplying it by the number of days you missed.

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For example, if the value of one meal is IDR 10,000, and you missed five fasts, then the calculation will be:

IDR 10,000 x 2 x 5 = IDR 100,000

So, the fidyah amount in this example will be IDR 100,000.

FAQ About Fidyah

1. Can I give the fidyah to my family members?

No, fidyah cannot be given to family members. It must be given to poor people who are eligible to receive zakat or charity.

2. Can I pay the fidyah in installments?

Yes, you can pay the fidyah in installments or as a lump sum, whichever is convenient for you.

3. Do I have to pay fidyah for the entire month?

No, you only need to pay fidyah for the days you missed. For instance, if you missed five fasts in Ramadan, you need to pay fidyah for five days only.

4. Can I give fidyah to a non-Muslim?

Yes, you can give fidyah to non-Muslims who are eligible to receive zakat or charity.

5. Can I calculate the fidyah amount in US dollars?

Yes, you can calculate the fidyah amount in any currency as long as you follow the steps mentioned above.

Conclusion

Calculating fidyah may seem complicated, but it is essential for Muslims who are unable to fast due to certain reasons. By following the steps mentioned in this article, you can easily calculate the fidyah amount for old age or chronic illness. If you still have questions about fidyah, don’t hesitate to consult with your local Islamic scholar or religious leader. We hope this article has been helpful for you in understanding how to calculate fidyah.

Cara Menghitung Fidyah: Panduan Lengkap untuk Sohib EditorOnline