# Cara Menghitung Upah Lembur

>Hello Sohib EditorOnline, in this article we will discuss the proper way to calculate overtime pay, or upah lembur, in Indonesia. This information is essential for both employers and employees to ensure fair compensation and compliance with regulations.

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## 1. Understanding Overtime Pay

Overtime pay, or upah lembur, is additional compensation given to employees who work beyond their regular working hours. This payment is usually calculated as a percentage of the employee’s regular hourly wage and is subject to specific regulations in Indonesia.

In Indonesia, overtime work is regulated by the Labor Law No. 13 of 2003 or Undang-Undang Tenaga Kerja No. 13 Tahun 2003. According to this law, an employee is entitled to overtime pay if they work beyond their regular working hours or over the weekly limit of 40 hours.

However, there are some exceptions to this rule. For example, employees who hold managerial positions or those who work in certain industries such as banking, insurance, and aviation may not be eligible for overtime pay.

## 2. Calculating Overtime Pay

Calculating overtime pay can be quite complex since it involves different rates and formulas. According to the Labor Law, overtime pay should be calculated as follows:

Days Hours Overtime Pay
Monday to Saturday 1-8 1.5 x Regular Hourly Wage
Monday to Saturday 9+ 2 x Regular Hourly Wage
Sunday and Public Holidays 1+ 2 x Regular Hourly Wage

Let’s break down this table. If an employee works overtime from Monday to Saturday for the first 8 hours, they will receive 1.5 times their regular hourly wage. If they work more than 8 hours, they will receive 2 times their regular hourly wage.

On Sundays and public holidays, overtime pay is calculated at 2 times the regular hourly wage, regardless of the number of hours worked.

### 3. Example Calculation

Let’s say an employee’s regular hourly wage is Rp50,000, and they worked 10 hours of overtime on a weekday. To calculate their overtime pay, we would do the following calculation:

Regular Hourly Wage x Overtime Rate x Number of Overtime Hours = Overtime Pay

Rp50,000 x 2 x 10 = Rp1,000,000

Therefore, this employee’s overtime pay for 10 hours of overtime work would be Rp1,000,000.

## 4. FAQ

### 4.1. Is overtime pay mandatory in Indonesia?

Yes, under the Labor Law No. 13 of 2003, employees who work beyond their regular working hours or over the weekly limit of 40 hours are entitled to overtime pay, unless they are exempted under certain circumstances or hold managerial positions.

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### 4.2. How is overtime pay calculated in Indonesia?

Overtime pay is calculated based on specific rates and formulas outlined in the Labor Law. These rates vary depending on the day of the week and the number of hours worked. Generally, employees receive 1.5 times their regular hourly wage for the first 8 hours of overtime on weekdays and 2 times their regular hourly wage for every hour thereafter, as well as 2 times their regular hourly wage for overtime work on Sundays and public holidays.

### 4.3. Can employers offer additional compensation for overtime work?

Yes, employers can offer additional compensation for overtime work if they choose to do so. However, they must still comply with the minimum overtime pay rates outlined in the Labor Law.

### 4.4. Can employees refuse to work overtime?

Employees have the right to refuse to work overtime if they wish to do so. However, employers have the right to require employees to work overtime if it is necessary for the business. If employees refuse to work overtime without a legitimate reason, they may face disciplinary action.

### 4.5. What should employers do to ensure compliance with overtime pay regulations?

Employers should familiarize themselves with the Labor Law and ensure that their overtime pay policies comply with the regulations outlined in it. They should also keep accurate employee records and payslips to demonstrate that they are paying their employees fairly.

## 5. Conclusion

Properly calculating overtime pay is essential for ensuring fair compensation for employees and compliance with regulations for employers. By understanding the rates and formulas outlined in the Labor Law, both employers and employees can ensure that they are being compensated fairly for overtime work.