Tata Cara Shalat Subuh

>Hello Sohib EditorOnline, in this journal article we will discuss the tata cara shalat subuh or the procedure for performing the morning prayer. As Muslims, it is our duty to perform this prayer five times a day, and the subuh prayer is the first one that we offer. This article will guide you through the steps involved in performing this prayer while providing helpful tips and explanations for each step.

What is Shalat Subuh?

Shalat subuh or the morning prayer is one of the five daily prayers that Muslims perform. It is performed before dawn and is considered the most important prayer of the day. It is mentioned in the Quran and is obligatory for Muslims. The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) also emphasized the importance of performing the subuh prayer and its numerous benefits.

What are the Benefits of Shalat Subuh?

Performing the morning prayer has numerous benefits, both physical and spiritual. Here are some of the benefits of performing the shalat subuh:

Physical Benefits Spiritual Benefits
Helps maintain a healthy sleep schedule Increases faith and spirituality
Boosts metabolism Brings peace and tranquility to the mind
Enhances overall well-being Increases mindfulness and concentration

Tata Cara Shalat Subuh – Step by Step Guide


The first step in performing the subuh prayer is to perform wudhu or the ablution. This involves washing the hands, mouth, nose, face, arms, head, ears, and feet with water. It is essential to perform wudhu before every prayer to purify oneself.

During the wudhu, it is important to have the intention of purifying oneself for prayer. While performing the wudhu, recite the dua “Bismillah” before starting and “Ashhadu an la ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lah, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuluh” after completing the ablution.


The next step is to seek forgiveness from Allah (SWT) by performing istighfar. This involves reciting the dua “Astaghfirullah” three times. Istighfar is performed to seek forgiveness for past sins and to clear the heart for prayer.


The third step is to make the intention or niat to perform the shalat subuh. This can be done in the heart or by saying the words “Aku niat shalat subuh dua rakaat karena Allah” which means “I intend to perform the subuh prayer, two cycles for the sake of Allah.”

Takbiratul Ihram

The next step is to begin the prayer by saying takbiratul ihram or the opening takbir. This involves raising the hands up to the ears and saying “Allahu Akbar” which means “Allah is the greatest.”

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Surat Al-Fatihah

The fifth step is to recite Surat Al-Fatihah which is the opening chapter of the Quran. It is recited in each cycle of the prayer and is a mandatory part of the shalat subuh.


The next step is to perform ruku’ or the bowing position. This involves bending the body forward from the waist and placing the hands on the knees while reciting “Subhana Rabbiyal Adhim” which means “Glory be to my Lord, the Almighty.”


The seventh step is to stand up straight again from the bowing position while reciting “Sami’allahu liman hamidah” which means “Allah hears those who praise Him.” Then recite “Rabbana wa lakal hamd” which means “Our Lord, all praise is due to You.”


The next step is to perform sujud or the prostration position. This involves placing the forehead, nose, hands, and knees on the ground while reciting “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” which means “Glory be to my Lord, the Most High.”


The tenth step is to perform tashahhud or the sitting position. This involves sitting on the left leg with the right foot upright and placing the right hand on the right knee while reciting the tashahhud.

The tashahhud is a declaration of faith and is recited in each cycle of the prayer. It goes as follows: “At-tahiyyatulillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibat, As-salamu ‘alayka ayyuhan-Nabiyyu wa rahmat-ullahi wa barakatuhu, As-salamu ‘alayna wa ‘ala ‘ibadillahis-salihin, ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuluhu.”


The final step is to end the prayer with taslim or the salutation. This involves turning the head to the right and saying “As-salamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah” which means “Peace and mercy of Allah be upon you” and then turning the head to the left and repeating the same phrase.


1. What if I miss the subuh prayer?

If you miss the subuh prayer, you can perform it later as qadha prayer. However, it is better to perform it on time and not miss it as it has numerous benefits.

2. What if I don’t know how to recite Surat Al-Fatihah?

If you don’t know how to recite Surat Al-Fatihah, you can learn it by listening to the recitation of others or by taking Quran classes. It is essential to learn it as it is a mandatory part of the shalat subuh.

3. Do I have to perform wudhu before the subuh prayer?

Yes, it is mandatory to perform wudhu before every prayer, including the subuh prayer.

4. Can I perform the subuh prayer without performing istighfar?

It is recommended to perform istighfar before every prayer to seek forgiveness for past sins and purify oneself for prayer. However, it is not mandatory to perform istighfar before the subuh prayer.

5. What if I don’t know how to perform the shalat subuh?

If you don’t know how to perform the shalat subuh, you can learn it by watching videos, reading books, or taking classes. It is essential to learn it as it is an obligatory part of the daily prayers for Muslims.

Tata Cara Shalat Subuh